Sunday, August 29, 2010

What time is it?

A tramp lie down and sleep in the park. He had been sleeping for about 5 minutes when a couple walked by. The man stopped, woke the tramp up , and asked him, "Excuse me.

Do you know what the time is?" The tramp replied, "I'm sorry - I don't have a watch, so I don't know the time."

The man apologised for waking the tramp and the couple walked away.

The tramp lay down again, and after a few minutes went back to sleep. Just then, a woman, who was out walking her dog, shook the tramp's shoulder until he woke up again.

The woman said, "I'm sorry to trouble you, but I'm afraid I've lost my watch - do you happen to know the time?" The tramp was a little annoyed at being woken up again, but he politely told the woman that he didn't have a watch and didn't know the time.

After the woman had gone, the tramp had an idea.

He opened the bag that contained all his possessions and got out a pen, a piece of paper and some string. On the paper, he wrote down, 'I do not have a watch. I do not know the time'.

He then hung the paper round his neck and eventually dropped off again.

After about 15 minutes, a policeman who was walking through the park noticed the tramp asleep on the bench, and the sign around his neck.

He woke the tramp up and said, "I read your sign. I thought you'd like to know that it's 2:30 p.m."

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Saturday, August 28, 2010

Past Progressive

I was walking down the street when it began to rain.
(+) S + was/were + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(-) S + was/were + not + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(?) was/were + S + v-ing + O + adverb of time?


Indicate an activity or situation was in progress at particular time in the past.
At 08.00 pm yesterday we were playing video game.

Both action that occurred in the same time, but one action began earlier and was in progress when the other action occurred.
I was watching TV when she arrived. (The past progressive form ‘watching TV’ happen first and for the past form is second).
While I was studying last night, she called me.
Frequently used adverb
When…, while.., at… o’clock yesterday and other in the past.

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Friday, August 27, 2010

Simple Past Tense

"We spent our time in the beach yesterday."
(+) S + v-2 + O + adverb of time
(-) S + did + not + v-1 + O + adverb of time
(?) Did + S + v-1 + O + adverb of time
I bought a newspaper yesterday
She didn’t come here last night
Did you come here last night?

Indicates an activity or situation began and ended at particular time in the past.
She went with me last night.
John didn’t bring a book last week.
Did you visit me two days ago?

If a sentence contains when, and has simple past in both clauses, the action in the when clause happens first.
(1st) When I heard strange voice, (2st) I got up to investigate.
She arrived when I watched TV last night. (watched TV happen first)

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Thursday, August 26, 2010

No Temper Tantrums

As a crowded airliner is about to take off, the peace is shattered by a 5-year-old boy who picks that moment to throw a wild temper tantrum. No matter what his frustrated, embarrassed mother does to try to calm him down, the boy continues to scream furiously and kick the seats around him.

Suddenly, from the rear of the plane, an elderly man in the uniform of an Air Force General is seen slowly walking forward up the aisle. Stopping the flustered mother with an upraised hand, the white-haired, courtly, soft-spoken General leans down and, motioning toward his chest, whispers something into the boy's ear.

Instantly, the boy calms down, gently takes his mother's hand, and quietly fastens his seat belt. All the other passengers burst into spontaneous applause.

As the General slowly makes his way back to his seat, one of the cabin attendants touches his sleeve.

"Excuse me, General," she asks quietly, "but could I ask you what magic words you used on that little boy?"

The old man smiles serenely and gently confides, "I showed him my pilot's wings, service stars, and battle ribbons, and explained that they entitle me to throw one passenger out the plane door on any flight I choose."

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Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Present Perfect Progressive

Law: "I have been learning kung fu for 7 years."

(+) S + aux (have/has) + been + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(-) S + aux (have/has) not + been + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(?) Aux (have/has) + S + been + v-ing + O + adverb of time

I have been studying here for a year
She has not been living here for 5 years
Has John been working here for 3 months?


To indicate the duration of an activity that began in the past and continues to the present.
I have been waiting here since 8 o’clock
You have been studying for 2 ours

Expresses a general activity in progress recently, lately.
I have been thinking about buying a new car
The students have been sitting here

Adverb frequently used.
For= selama
Since= sejak
How long = berapa lama ?

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Monday, August 23, 2010

Shut up, Trouble, Manners

There was three girls named Shutup, Manners, and Trouble. One day Shutup and Trouble wanted to go take a walk. They asked Manners if she wanted to come but Manners stayed home.

During the walk Trouble go lost. Than while Shutup is looking for Trouble a cop comes up to her.
"What is your name little girl?" "Shut up"
Cop: "What is your real name!?"
Shutup: "Shut up!"
Cop: "Are you looking for Trouble little girl?!"
Shutup: " Yes, i lost her awhile back"
cop: "Wheres your manners?!"
Shutup: "She stayed home"

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Sunday, August 22, 2010

Present Perfect Tense

Sponge bob: "I have already finished my driving test."
(+) S + have/has + v-3 + O
(-) S + have/has + not + v-3 + O
(?) Have/has + S + v-3 + O
(+) I have finished my homework.
(-) She has not finished her homework.
(?) Have you finished your homework?

Expresses the idea that something happened (or never happened) before now, at an unspecified time in the past. The exact time is not important.
Have you ever visited Indonesia?
I have already beaten this game.

Expresses the repetition of an activity before now. The exact time is not important.
He has gone to Yemen twice.
I have met many people since I came here in August.

Expresses the situation began in the past and continues to the present.
I have had breakfast.
I have liked masked rider movies ever since I was child.

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Saturday, August 21, 2010

Present Progressive

(+) S + to be (is,am,are) + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(-) S + to be + not + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(?) To be + S + v-ing + O + adverb of time
(+) Putri is sleeping right now.
(-) I am not reading right now
(?) Is she writing a letter?

Expresses an activity that is in progress at the moment of speaking.
She is reading a book.
The students are sitting at their desk right now.
I am dreaming about you.

Something generally in progress this week, this month, this year.
I am taking four courses this semester.
She is taking a rest this week.

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Friday, August 20, 2010

Joke For Today

A girl was talking to her teacher about whales. The teacher said it was physically impossible for a whale to swallow a human because even though it was very big mammal its throat was very small.

The girl stated that Jonah was swallowed by a whale. By now irritated, the teacher reiterated that a whale couldn't swallow a human; it was physically impossible.

The girl said, 'When I get to haven I'll ask Jonah.
The teacher asked, 'what if Jonah went to hell?'
The girl replied, 'Then you ask him'.

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Thursday, August 19, 2010

Simple Present Tense

Pola kalimat

(+) S + v1 (s/es) + O + ket. waktu
(-) S + do/does + not + v1 + O + ket. Waktu
(?) Do/does + S + v1 + O + ket. Waktu ?
(+) You read a newspaper everyday
(-) You don’t read a newspaper everyday
(?) Do you read a newspaper every morning?


1. Untuk menyatakan suatu kebiasaan.
I get up at five every morning
She goes to college everyday

2. Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum.
The world is round.
A year has twelve months.

Keterangan waktu
Adverd of frequency (kebiasaan)
Always, usually, generally, ever (?), never, sometimes, occasionally, seldom.
Adverb of quantity (keseringan)
Once a day, .. a week, .. a month, twice.., three times.., every..

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